Parents and siblings of William Adam.
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Parents and siblings of William Adam.
The following children were recorded in the Dailly OPR as born to James Adam. No mother's name is given in the OPR in any of these entries but it is possible that James Adam, his father, was married to a Jean Kemp, as there is a marriage of a James Adan and Jean Kemp recorded three and a half years previously on 7 November 1776 in Mauchline. Mauchline is about 25 miles away from Dailly to the north of Ayr but this is the only marriage of a James Adam in the OPR around the appropriate date.
Through a descendent of the son Matthew Adam, (b. 1780) I am told that James Adam was the son of John Adam and Jannet Brown, of Mauchline. There is certainly a record of the birth of a James Adam in the OPR for Mauchline for 1736 - May 16 James, lawful son to John Adam, Mason, in Mauchline, and a record of the marriage of John Adam and Janet Brown on 12 February 1733 in the OPR for Mauchline - Jan 27 - John Adam and Jannet brown both of this parish were contracted and were married on Feb 12th married on 12th Feb 1733. It would seem that this union had a place in the family history due to Jannet Brown being a relative of John “the Christian Carrier” Brown, a covenanter martyr. http://www.covenanter.org.uk/JohnBrown/ . According to the same source John Adam was the son of a James Adam, as recorded in the Mauchline OPR - James Adam in Mauchline has a child baptised Jan 2 1709 called John. Assuming this genealogy to be correct, it would seem possible that the James Adam, the Smith at Bargeny, was maried prior to his 1776 marriage to Jean Kemp, as he would have been 40 at the time of that marriage. (It is interesting to note that there was a William Adam who is also recorded as a coventanting marytr, although as he was killed prior to his marriage he could not have beena direct ancestor. However given our William Adam somewhat radical tendencies maybe a link there somewhere?
Interestingly shortly after James Adam married and whilst he was living and raising a family in Bargany in Dailly parish, another, more famous, Adam was "working" just up the road. This was Robert Adam the renowned Scottish architect who had been engaged to designed and build a new residence for Thomas Kennedy to replace their old castle at Dalquharran on the banks of the river Girvan. This site was only a few miles to the west of Bargany. The house was constructed 1782-1790 and the design was a smaller version of Culzean Castle on the Ayrshire coast built by Adam around the same time for another of the Kennedy clan, David Kennedy. Sadly unlike its illustrious relation at Culzean fate has been less kind to Dalquharran and it has not is now a roofless shell. However it is still an imposing structure when seen from the B741 across the valley of the river Girvan. Although one can never be sure it would seem unlikely that there was any connection between the two Adam families. Certainly Robert Adam the architect was not from Ayrshire being born in Kirkcaldy in Fife on 3 July 1728, son of William Adam also an architect. However it is not beyond the bounds of possibility that our James was involved in some small way with Dalquharran in his capacity as blacksmith and he would have certainly seen the imposing edifice grow to completion and no doubt marvelled at its grandeur.
For further info on Dalquharran go to - http://sites.scran.ac.uk/ada/documents/castle_style/dalquharran/dalquharran_history.htm
Further details of the children of James Adam (and Jean Kemp?) where known.
James Adam born 6 September 1777, baptised 7 September 1777, Dailly, Ayr
James, a blacksmith, married Alison Waldie daughter of David Waldie and Barbara Wait. Alison was born on 10 February 1778 in Dunse, Berwickshire.
James and Alison had the following known children:
For the 1841 census Jane an Peter were living at 45 Crown Street, Gorbals, Glasgow. (Ref: 1841 - Gorbals - 644 - Enumeration District: 89 Page: 16). Peter was recorded as aged 30 employed as a "Smith" NOT born in Lanarkshire with Jane aged 30 born in Lanarkshire. Also listed were their four children Allison aged 9 George aged 7 Peter aged 2 and the recently born Elizabeth aged only 11 days all born in Lanarkshire along with an Alexander Fish aged 20 employed as a Smith Journeyman NOT born in Lanarkshire, and Margaret Rae aged 15 employed as a "Female Servant" born in Lanarkshire. Taking into account that Jean and Peter's son Peter born in 1839 was baptised Peter FISH Johnstone one might assume that Alexander Fish was a relation of some description.
Peter Johnstone died on 29 April 1849 in Govan, Glasgow, Lanarkshire. By the time of his demise he was described as a Smith, Bell-hanger, Gasfitter, Inspector of Weights and Measures for the Barony, and one of the City Councillors.
For the 1851 census the widowed Jane was recorded as aged 42 born in Glasgow, lanarkshire and living in Greenfield Cottage, Govan, Lanarkshire. (Ref: 1851 - Govan - 646 - Enumeration District: 4 - Page: 15). Listed along with Jane were her children - Alaison aged 18, George aged 17 employed as a "Clerk In Iron Foundry", Peter aged 12 a Scholar, Jane aged 7 a Scholar, Margaret aged 4, and Elizabeth aged 1, all born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire. Also in the household on the day was a Margaret Kellie identified as a "Visitor" aged 14 and employed as a Cap Maker. She too was born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire.
Jean Johnstone, nee Adam, died on 4 November 1854 in 75 Thistle Street, Glasgow, Lanarkshire.
For the 1841 census James and Margaret were recorded as residing on the south side of Cowan Street in Stirling. (Ref 1841 - Stirling - 490 - Enumeration District: 9 - Page: 32). James was recorded as a "Coach Smith" with both he and Margaret recorded as NOT born in Stirlingshire. Listed along with them were 4 children - James aged 7, Janet aged 6, Robert aged 4and Allison aged 2, all of whom were recorded as born in Stirlingshire.
For the 1851 census James and Margaret were recorded as residing in Cowan Street in Stirling. (Ref: 1851 - Stirling - 490 - Enumeration District: 11 - Page: 4). James was recorded as aged 40 a "Coach Smith", born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire and Margaret was recorded as aged 40 a "Coach Smith's Wife" also born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire. Also in the household were listed their children: James aged 17, a "China Trade Apprentice". Janet aged 15, employed in "Domestic Duties", Robert aged 13, a "Cork-Cutter Apprentice", Alison aged 10, a "Scholar", and George aged 9, also a "Scholar", all listed as born in Striling, Stirlingshire. Along with the immediate family there was also Margaret's brother, George Henderson, listed as Brother in Law, aged 59, a Coal Carrier, born in Gargunnock, Stirlingshire.
James Adam died on 10 February 1879 in 13 Cowane Street, Stirling.
For the 1881 census the widowed Margaret was still resident in Cowane Street at number 13. (Ref: 1881 Stirling - 490 - Enumeration District 12 - Page 27). She was listed as a "Lodging House Keeper", aged 71 and for this census her place of birth was given as Gargunnock, Stirlingshire. Also in the household was Margaret's granddaughter by her eldest son James and Margaret Jack. Jane L(indsay) Adam. Jane was listed as a "Domestic Servant" aged 18 born in Dunse, Berwickshire. There was also one boarder, Stephen Veitch an Ironmongers Apprentice aged 16 born in Port Of Menteith, Perthshire, and two lodgers Alexander Napier, a Joiner aged 28 born in Kippen, Stirlingshire and William Ewing a Currier aged 23 born in Kippen, Stirlingshire
Margaret Adam, nee Henderson, died on 12 April 1894 in Stirling, Stirlingshire. (probably Cowane Street.)
There is a brief biographical sketch of Thomas and his family included in the "Portrait and Biographical Album of Washington, Clay and Riley Counties - Chapman Brothers, Chicago, 1890" which is available on the web For the complete sketch - Click here) The following is an extract -
"In 1840, Thomas emigrated to America, taking passage at Glasgow on a sailing vessel and after a tedious ocean voyage of seven weeks and three days landed in New York City. Thence he proceeded directly to Buffalo, where he remained, however, only a short time, going thence into Canada, of which he was a resident ten years and followed farming most of the time. In 1851 returning to the States he settled in Bureau County, Ill. Five years later, in 1856, he crossed the Mississippi into Des Moines County, Iowa, where he resided until coming to Kansas, in the fall of 1868. Soon afterward he homesteaded 160 acres of land on section 29, Blaine Township, where he opened up a good farm which he occupied about seventeen years. At the expiration of this time he removed to his present farm. He has done a large amount of pioneer labor, enduring the hardships and privations which were the common lot of those who settled upon the frontier. His career has been one eminently worthy, during which he has enjoyed the esteem and confidence of his fellow-citizens."
Barbara died on 18 May 1877 in Hebron, Kansas, USA. (For an image of both Barbara's headstone and of the lady herself - Click here)
Thomas died on 9 March 1891 in Hebron, Kansas, USA. (For an image of both Thomas's headstone and of the man himself - Click here)
Margaret Adam born about 1814 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire. Margaret married Alexander Jackson, a as Foundry Manager, son of Matthew Jackson and Catherine Logan on 7 December 1841 in Great Hamilton Street Reformed Presbyterian Church, Glasgow, Lanarkshire. Alexander was born about 1814 in Glasgow, Scotland. Alexander and Margaret had the following known children:
Matthew, latterly a agent or the Metallic Packing Co., died on 18 Dec 1904 in Maygate, Dunfermilne, Fife. Euphemia died on 2 Apr 1930 in 28 Bellyeoman Road, Dunfermilne, Fife
Jane Jackson , nee Spence, probably died aged 73 in the Oct-Dec quarter of 1922 in Tynemouth (Ref: Tynemouth Vol 10b Page 302). It is believed that James died in Tynemouth in the Apr-Jun quarter of 1924 aged 78. (Ref: Tynemouth Vol 10b Page 341).
Joseph died on 5 Jan 1957 in 31 Satanita Road, Westcliff on Sea, Essex.
For the 1851 census Margaret and Alexander had moved to Dunfermilne where they were living at 80 Address: Reform Street, where Alexander was working as a Foundry Manager (Ref: 1851 - Dunfermline - 424 - Enumeration District: 10 - Page: 17). Both Alexander and Margaret were identified as aged 36 and born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire. Also in the household were their two older children Matthew aged 7 and James aged 5 both listed as "Scholars" along with their two younger children Allison aged 2 and Alexander aged 10 months both born in Dunfermline, Fife. Recorded along with the family was a servant Margaret Paterson aged 16 and born in Kincardine, Perthshire.
Margaret died on 26 April 1872 in Woodhead Street, Dunfermiline, Fife.
For the 1881 census the widowed Alexander was recorded at 52 Woodhead Street in Dunfermline, Fife, (Ref: 1881- Dunfermilne - 424 - Enumeration District: 14 - Page 6). He was identified as an "Ironfounder Engineer Employing 15 Men 11 Boys" aged 61 born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire. Also in the household were five of his children - Mathew aged 37 described as an "Ironfounder Engineer's Son", born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Alison aged 32 described as an "Ironfounder Engineers Daughter" born in Dunfermline, Fife, Alexander.L. aged 30 described as an "Ironfounder Engineers Son" born in Dunfermline, Fife, Robert aged 23 described as an "Ironfounder Engineers Son" born in Dunfermline, Fife. Also included with the family was a servant - Margaret Robb aged 20 employed as a General Domestic Servant born in Hopeman, Elgin.
Alexander died on 23 September 1882 at Clifton House, Low Torry, near Dunfermline.
Isabella Adam born on 14 July 1816 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire. She was christened on 5 August 1816 in Great Hamilton Street Reformed Presbyterian Church, Glasgow, Lanarkshire. She died In Infancy.
There is a record of what is almost certainly ths James Adam in the 1841 census, residing in McAdams Lane, St Georges Field, Glasgow. This is despite more than a few anomalies, This James is recorded as aged 60, a Blacksmith Journeyman, which fits (i.e. 63 rounded down to 60), but recorded as born in the county (Lanarkshire) as opposed to Ayrshire. His (presumably) wife in the census is named as Margaret, as opposed to Alison, and recorded as born in the county (Lanarkshire) as opposed to Berwickshire, although the aged given of 60 would match that of his wife Alison (i.e. 63 rounded down to 60), . Two of their daughters are recorded, Alaisen (Alison), aged 35, a Dress Maker, born in the county (Lanarkshire) and a younger daughter Margaret, aged 25, also a Dress Maker born in the county (Lanarkshire).
1841 Census (7th June) Glasgow (644-1) Book 7 Page 1.
McAdams Lane, St Georges Field, Glasgow.
|James Adam||60||Blacksmith Journeyman||Yes|
|Alaison Adam||35||Dress Maker||Yes|
|Margaret Adam||25||Dress Maker||Yes|
For the 1851 census the family were recorded as living at 70 Thistle Street, Gorbals. James is listed as aged 73, Receives Alms, Late Blacksmith, and born in Dailly, Ayrshire. As the date and place of birth are spot on, coupled with the profession of Blacksmith this is what convinces me that this Jamess is the eldest son of James Adam, and brother of William. Also recorded in the household for the 1851 census are Alaison (Alison), wife, aged 73, Receives Alms, born in Duns, Berwickshire, and a daughter, also called Alaison (Alison), aged 48, employed in a Furnishing Shop, born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire.
1851 Census (31st March) Gorbals (644) Book 4. Page 12.
70 Thistle Street, Gorbals, Glasgow.
|James Adam||Head||73||Receives Alms, Late Blacksmith||Dailly, Ayrshire|
|Alaison Adam||Wife||73||Receives Alms||Dunse, Berwickshire|
|Alaison Adam||Daughter||48||Furnishing Shop||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
I have been able to find the record of what is almost certainly the burial of James in the Gorbals OPR as there is a record of the burial of a James Adam, on 18 January 1853, interred in a lair in the Gorbals cemetery (Southern Necropolis?), aged 75, having died of Apoplexy. Rather strangely the next record in the register is of the interment on the same day of his daughter Alison Adam, aged 50, who had died of Cancer of the Breast. To be interred on the same day must mean they had died within days of each other. Did the daughter pass away first and this was the cause of the father's demise from Apoplexy?
After the death of James his wife, Alison, would seem to have gone to live with her youngest daughter, Margaret, and her husband Alexander in Dunfermline . It was there on 5 November 1855 in Foundry Street, Dunfermline, Fife that she died and she was buried in New Burial Ground, Dunfermline. Her death certificate records her as Alison Waldo or Adam, aged 77, born in Dunse but having been in Dunfermline for abour two years, and the wife of James Adam, Blacksmith, deceased. Her parents names are recorded as unknown but her children are listed viz: "1. Alison deceased in 1853, 2. Jean deceased in 1854, 3. James aged 44, 4. Barbara aged 42, 5. Margaret aged 40, 6. Isabella died in infancy, Other four boys were born that died in infancy".
John Adam born 8 October 1778, Dailly, Ayr
Nothing more known
Matthew Adam born 20 February 1780, baptised 24 February 1780, Dailly, Ayr
OPR entry - Adam - Matthew, son lawful to James Adam, Smith at Bargeny was born Febr 20th and baptized the 24th
It is reputed that whilst a lad Matthew worked extra hours as a Blacksmith, making nails from cast off horse-shoes which he sold to earn money to take him to Glasgow University, from whence he graduated with a Master of Arts degree in 1808. (Glasgow University Records). Initially he seems to have taught at a school of his own in Glasgow at 2 George Street, from 1808 until 1811.
In 1811 Matthew took up the post of Rector of the Royal Academy of Inverness, From the details available on the Inverness Royal Academy website he was appointed Rector of Inverness Academy from August 1811, although by he seems to have been in dispute with Directors concerning the terms and conditions due to his position, his possible dismissal and compensation for loss of situation. This was settled by the Court of Session in 1815 who decided in favour of life tenure. (Inverness Journal, 14 July 1815).
Whilst at the Royal Academy Matthew taught mathematics and geography and seems to have set up a meteorological recording "unit". Reference is made in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh to the "Register of the Barometer Thermometer and Temperature of Springs kept at the Royal Academy of Inverness for 1821" and "1822". He also published a description of a rain-gage of his devising - "Description of a simple, cheap and accurate rain-gage calculated to show the depth of rain falling around it to the ten-thousandth part of an inch by Matthew Adam ; communicated by the author. Published 1830 by William Blackwood, T. Cadell in Edinburgh, London . Written in English." His pressure, temperature and rain gauge readings from August 1829 were published in "An Account of the Great Floods of August 1829 in the Province of Moray and Adjoining Districts" by Thomas Dick Lauder. The readings for rainfall over the three days, Sunday 2 August to Tuesday 4 August, were given as 2 1/2 inches, with 7 1/2 inches having fallen in the month as a whole.
Also during the 1820's along with his teaching duties Matthew was pursuing the development of his invention "An inverting sextant telescope with nautical eye-tube for taking altitudes at sea when the horizon is invisible". Matthew wrote to the Admiralty in London about his device and a number of letters between Matthew and the Admiralty are preserved within the "Papers of the Board of Longitude Collection" which is available on line from the Cambridge Digital Library. It would seem Matthew managed to solicit the support of the Duke of Gordon and having tested his instrument on land at Gordon Castle, and on the Inverness smack the "Alert", he managed to get the admiralty sufficiently interested to allow him to test the various versions of the device on a number of their ships. (The frigate Seringapatam (Captain Warren), HMS Cherokee (Captain William Keats), and the sloop of war Clio (Captain Parry?). I am unsure what the eventual outcome was but I rather suspect the device was never quite made the impact that Matthew would have hoped for. Success would, I assume, have brought with it relative fame and fortune. He published the details of the device in 1826 - "Description of an inverting sextant telescope with nautical eye-tube for taking altitudes at sea when the horizon is invisible invented by Matthew Adam ; communicated by the author. Published 1826 by William Blackwood, T. Cadell in Edinburgh, London". This is reproduced in a number of works available on line through Google Books eg. The Edinburgh Journal of Science, Glasgow Mechanics' Magazine, and Annals of Philosophy.
On 3 July 1826 in the parish of Dyke, Moray, Matthew married Ellen Moffat Atkinson from England, on 3 July 1826. Ellen was the only daughter of the late William Atkinson, Esq., of St Anne, Jamaica. (Click here for further details of Atkinson \ Jamaica.) The marriage was recorded in the parish register of Dyke and one of the witnesses at the marriage was a "John Smith R.N. Surgeon". One wonders if this gentleman was an acquaintance of Matthew from his time aboard the various ships during the testing his sextant telescope?
Parish Register for Dyke, Moray - 6th July 1826
Matthew Adam Esq'r. Rector of the Royal Academy Inverness, and Miss Ellen Moffat Aitkinson presently residing at Mount Pleasant in this Parish, only Daughter of the late William Atkinson Esq'r. of Rural Retreat, Parish of St Ann's, Jamaica after being these severval Sabbath Days publicly proclaimed were solemnly married agreeable to the Rules of this Church by the Rev'nd Mark Aitkin, Min'r of this Parish of Dyke in Presence of Will'm Hughes Jun'r C. E. Inverness, and John Smith, R. N. Surgeon, Joiner at Mount Pleasant, the sixth day of July Eighteen hundred and twenty six Years. A Certificate of said Marriage, signed by the Rev'nd Mark Aitkin Minister, and by Will'm Hughes Esq'r as a Witness, and also by John Smith Esq'r as another Witness, having been handed to me Session Clerk the 7th July 1826 for insertion.
"The Aberdeen Chronicle" of 22 July 1826 carried their marriage notice -
The Aberdeen Chronicle - 22 July 1826
MATTHEW ADAM, Esq. A. M. Rector of the Royal Academy of Inverness, to Miss ELLEN MOFFAT ATKINSON, only daughter of the late William Atkinson. Esq. of Rural Retreat, in the parish of St. Ann's, Jamaica.
Matthew and Ellen had five known children -
The Inverness Journal of 6 March 1835 carries the announcements of not only the death of the aforementioned "Ellen, infant daughter of Mathew Adam, Esq, rector of the Royal Academy, Inverness" but also the death of her mother "Ellen Moffat (Atkinson), wife, aged 31, of Mathew Adam, Esq, rector of Royal Academy". Several of the family are buried in the Chapel Yard, Inverness, where there is an inscribed headstone.
Adam Grave Stone - Chapel Yard, Inverness
After the death of his wife Matthew inherited the estate in Jamaica - Rural Retreat. With the Slavery Abolition Act which was passed in 1833 and enacted in 1834, owners of slaves were entitled to compensation and according to the data held on the Legacies of British Slave-Ownership pages on the UCL website Matthew applied for compensation for 16 freed slaves of £304 6S 8D. There was a subsequent counter claim by a Phillip Pinnock, who was the executor of James Dalhouse (Orange Grove, St Catherine, Middlesex, Jamaica?) who it would appear had been owed money by Mr Atkinson. However it would seem that Matthew had already got hold of the monies before the counter claim was decided. Despite a letter his attorney Charles Brown on 31 October 1836 about the origins of Pinnocks claim, where he stated "if satisfied I would not avail myself of the Decision in my favour." and a subsequent letter from Court of Chancery to Matthew dated 20 June 1837, recommending that he "refund the sum which you have received in this case", Matthew seems to have decided to invoke the age old tenet that possession is nine tenths of the law. The affair seems to have dragged on with Pinnock to pursuing Matthew through the court in Edinburgh though a Henry Todd, 39 York Place, Edinburgh, to whom he had granted a power of attorney. This is evinced in a letter dated 19 September 1842 from Henry Todd referring to Pinnock viz. "a poor man...to proceed with an action here against Adam the claimant who had surreptitiously obtained an award and drawn payment of the compensation, pending a reference made by his Attorney and the counter-claimant to the Assis Commiss who preferred Pinnock." The affair dragged on into at least early 1844 as there is a further letter from Matthew Adam dated 26 January 1844 in which he referred to the rules of the compensation commission, and deadlines, asking if there were another set of rules as "the other side has produced a different set?" I believe that the action though the Edinburgh Courts was eventually withdrawn due to Mr Pinnock's lack of funds and one presumes that Matthew retained the monies.
Matthew retired from this position as Rector of the Royal Academy in May 1839 as recorded in the "Inverness Courier." of 8 May 1839 - Mr Matthew Adam, rector of the Inverness Royal Academy, resigned office on the directors agreeing to grant him a retiring allowance of £60 per annum. He then returned to Glasgow where he taught in his own house from 1840 to 1850
For the 1841 census Matthew was recorded in Glasgow working as a teacher and living in St Andrew's Square with his two surviving children Jane and William.
1841 Census (7th June) Glasgow (644-1) Book 105-1. Page 1.
39 St Andrews Square, Glasgow.
|Ann Allan||40||Female Servant||Yes|
|Isabella Fraser||24||Female Servant||No|
For the census of 1851 Matthew had retired and was back in his home county of Ayrshire living at Park House, Maybole Road, Ayr.
1851 Census (31st March) Ayr (578) Book 12. Page 40.
Park House, Maybole Road, Ayr.
|Matthew Adam||Head||71||Retired Rector or Teacher||Dailly, Ayrshire|
|Jane Wakefield Adam||Daughter||22||Inverness, Inverness|
Matthew died on 10 December 1853. In the inventory of his property after his death he was recorded as living at Sea View, Newton on Ayr prior to his demise and his children Willam and Jame Wakefield were named executors. He was described as "formerly Rector of Inverness Academy, thereafter teacher in Mathematics at Glasgow". Also as part of the estate there is mention of "the current years rent from a small plantation in the West Indies which belonged to his late wife" of "£40".
William Adam born 25 April 1781, Dailly, Ayr
OPR Entry - Adam - William son lawful to James Adam, Smith at Bargeny was born April 25, Baptized the 27th
William Adam married Elizabeth Nesbit on 7 May 1801 and this was recorded in the Dailly Old Parish Register - "William Adam & Elisabeth Nisbot, both in this parish were booked in order to marriage May 2nd were three proclaimed and married the 7th". The births of William and Elisabeth's first two children, Jane born\baptised 24\25 February 1802, and Margaret born\baptised 19 January 1804 were recorded in the Old Parish Register of Dailly, with Jane's entry confirming William as a "shoemaker". Sometime shortly after the birth of Margaret the family seem to have moved to Newton on Ayr, as the birth of all William and Elizabeths subsequent 5 children were recorded in the OPR of Newton on Ayr, (latterly St. Quivox and Newton). The children were - James born\baptised on 3\5 January 1806, (next step in our family history), John born\baptised on 6 March 1808, Elizabeth born\baptised on 7 April 1811, Matthew born\baptised on 8 August 1813 and Mary born\baptised on 26 July 1818. The baptisms of James, John, Elizabeth and Matthew were recorded in the OPR of Newton on Ayr, and the baptism of Mary in the Old Parish Register of St. Quivox and Newton. born\baptised on 3\5 January 1806
See Main Text - Next Generation on our Family History.
Jean Adam born 20 January 1784, baptised 22 January 1784 - Dailly, Ayr
Jane Adam was married to Alexander Mathieson, a tool maker, on 1 July 1817 in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, by Dr Alexander Rankin. (As to how it is established that the Jane Adam who married Alexander Mathieson was one of the children of James Mathieson - Click here
Jane and Alexander had four known children:
In 1822 Alexander opened his own Tool and Plane making business at 14 Saracen's Lane, Glasgow. It would seem he took over the business from a John Manner's who had a tool making enterprise running since 1792. I believe that John Manners and Alexander must have been friends as Hannah Manners Mathieson born about 1834 was named for Hannah Manners, nee Daniel, the wife of John Manners, and Alexander was named as the executor in the will of John Manner's. From 1826 the business was listed as running from 38 Saracen Street, and it was at this address the family were recorded for the census of 1841. Alexander and Jane and their three younger children were recorded in the household but their eldest child, John is missing. This census would seem to have at least four errors. Jane is recorded as Anne. The place of birth for both Alexander and Jane (Anne) is given as "within the county" i.e. Lanarkshire, whereas the later 1851 census has Alexander born in Leith, Edinburgh, and Jane was born in Dailly, Ayrshire. Finally even rounded down Jane's (Anne's) age should be 55.
1841 Census (7th June) (644) Glasgow Book 13 Page 6
38 Saracens Lane, Glasgow.
|Alexr Mathieson||45||Master Plane Maker||Yes|
|Thos Mathieson||15||Journeyman Plane Maker||Yes|
|Jane Blair||15||Female Servant||Yes|
Jane Mathieson, nee Adam, died on 28 February 1849 at 38 Saracen's Lane, Gallowgate, Glasgow. According to a transcript of the Mathieson headstone commemorating her in the Glasgow Necropolis she was aged 55 which fits with her age given in the 1841 census but not with the date of birth we have for her of 20 January 1784. However the inscription on the Necropolis headstone also records the fact that Alexander, Jane and their daughter Jane Ogilvie were originally buried in the Anderson Burial ground and their remains transferred to the Necropolis location in March 1864. It is therefore not impossible that an age of 65 from an original headstone in the Anderson Graveyard, (which would fit with Jane born 1784), was misread and re-inscribed as 55.
For the census of 1851 the family are no longer living at the same address as the works, but at 22 Monteith Row. This census also states that Alexander was employing 8 men.
1851 Census (31st March) Glasgow (644) Book 13 Page 21.
22 Monteith Row, Glasgow.
|Alexander Mathieson||Head||56||Tool & Plane Maker Employing 8 Men||Edinburgh. Midlothian|
|Thomas Mathieson||Son||28||Tool & Plane Maker||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Jane Mathieson||Daughter||19||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Hannah Mathieson||Daughter||17||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
|Margaret McKinnon||Servant||21||House Servant||Glasgow, Lanarkshire|
Alexander Mathieson died on 28 August 1851 at 22 Monteith Row, Glasgow. He was also commemorated on the headstone in the Glasgow Necropolis with his age given as 59.
MATHIESON Family Headsone in Glasgow Necropolis
Once again my thanks to www.memento-mori.co.uk for providing the transcription and images
ALEXANDER MATHIESON, Tool Manufacturer Died August 1851 aged 59
JANE ADAM his wife died February 1849 aged 55
JANE OGILVIE their daughter Died March 1855 aged 23
Their remains were transferred from Anderson Burying Gound, March 1864
BARBARA PEDDIE Daughter of Thomas A. Mathieson Died March 1864 aged 3½
THOMAS ADAM MATHIESON Died 10th March 1899 aged 76
MARION GILCHRIST HARPER his wife Died 2nd November 1922 aged 84
JAMES HARPER MATHIESON, D.L.,
Deacon Convenor of the Trades House of Glasgow 1923 – 1925
Died 15th April 1926 aged 59 years
Son of Thomas Adam Mathieson
The firm founded by him went on from strength to strength under his son Thomas and by the 1881 census was recorded as employing 300 men. The firm continued until 1957 when it was acquired by William Ridgway in 1957 and transferred to Sheffield. Details and a brief history of the company can be found at www.wkfinetools.com/huk/MathiesonA/MathiesonA-index.asp
Margaret Adam born 4 June 1786, baptised 4 June 1786, Dailly, Ayr
Nothing more known
Helen Adam born 22 July 1787, baptised 23 July 1787, Dailly, Ayr
Nothing more known
Catherine Adam born, 13 March 1789, 14 March 1789, Dailly, Ayr
Nothing more known
David Adam born 29 August 1790, baptised 31 August 1790, Dailly, Ayr
Nothing more known
Agnes Adam born 1 November 1793, baptised 12 November 1793, Dailly, Ayr
OPR Entry - Adam - Agnes daughter lawful to James Adam, Smith at Bargeny was born Novr 16th and baptized 17th
Nothing more known