MADGE \ DART
This page is an attempt to outline what I know about my Madge \ Dart ancestry in as "readable" format as possible. This branch of my family tree has proved the most difficult of family trees to trace back for any distance. One of the main reasons for the difficulty is the fact, reflected in the title, that the surname of the family changed from it’s original MADGE to DART in the latter part of the 19th century, seemingly on their move from Devon to Newport, Wales. In fact most of the sons seemed to have started using Madge-Dart, whereas my Great-grandfather stuck with Dart. Please note whereas I try to ensure that what I publish is correct, and to differentiate between what is supported by documentation etc, and what is, in my opinion, a reasonable assumption, everything should be treated with caution. IF you have come across information that you believe is relevant to your own research please either verify it independently or drop me a line to confirm its validity. Equally if believe something is incorrect, or if you wish to add any details or discuss please get in touch using the Contact Form.
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William Madge and Frances Dart - Madge from Devon to Madge and Dart from Newport
The earliest ancestor that we have been able to trace so far is a William Madge who married Frances Dart on 27th December 1812 in the parish of Crediton, Devon.
The baptisms of ten children to William Madge and Frances Dart were recorded in the parish register of Crediton: - John, baptised on 27th December 1813, Joseph, the next generation in our family tree, baptised on 7th April 1816, William, baptised on 26th July 1818, Samuel baptised 26th August 1821, Susan, baptised on 9th March 1823, Jane, baptised on 31st July 1825, George, baptised on 20th July 1828, Mary, baptised on 11th September 1831, James, baptised on 15th June 1834, and Harriet, baptised on 28th August 1836. (For further details of the chidren of William Madge and Francis Dart - see Appendix H.)
There is a transcribed document available on line containing extracts from Trewman's Exeter Flying Post which contains an item dated Thursday 6 August 1835, which refers to the trial at Devon Assizes of a Mr Dart of Woodland Down, Crediton, who was accused of burning his own house down in 12th May 1835 in which there is a reference to a "WM MADGE"who stated that "I live near the prisoner’s house. I was at work within half a mile of the fire". Six years later the wife and family of "our" William Madge were recorded at Woodland Head for the census of 1841, so it would seem possible that this is "our" William being reported. In the same transcript there is also a reference to a "Samuel Madge, a boy", "an apprentice to Mr Ward at Crediton" who "was at work in a field of my master’s", and states that Mr Dart's "house was from 25 to 30 land yards from the field in which I was at work." Again it would seem possible that this was Samuel, our William's son, who would have been about 14 at the time.
I believe William Madge probably died four years after the birth of Harriet in Exeter Hospital on 2 October 1840. This is based on a death certificate for a William Madge, labourer, who died of the Dropsy, at Exeter & Devon Hospital on that date, and the burial of a William Madge, a Labourer, resident of Langridge, recorded in the parish records for Crediton two days later. Unfortunately the ages on the two records differ with the Death Certificate giving his age as 49 and the burial record as 55. However I have little doubt that these are one and the same individual despite this, although this discrepancy is less than helpful in identifying who William's parents were!! (For details of possible parents of William Madge - see Appendix A.)
For the census of the 1841 Frances (or Fanny) Madge and her younger children were recorded as living at Woodland Head, a few miles to the South West of Crediton. (Note - Woodland Head, and Langridge, farmsteads are within a mile or so of each other to the South West of Crediton township.)
1841 Census (7th. June) Crediton (215) Book 8 Page 6
Woodland Head, Crediton.
|Name||Age||Occupation||Born in County|
|Fanny Madge||48||Agricultural Labourer||Yes|
|John Madge||28||Agricultural Labourer||Yes|
|Susan Madge||17||Agricultural Labourer||Yes|
|Jane Madge||16||Agricultural Labourer||Yes|
|Mary Madge||9||Agricultural Labourer||Yes|
|James Madge||7||Agricultural Labourer||Yes|
|Harriet Madge||5||Agricultural Labourer||Yes|
Joseph Madge their son, the next generation in our family history, was living in South Coombe, Cheriton Fitzpaine, in the household of James Squire, recorded as an agricultural labourer.
1841 Census (7th. June) Cheriton Fitzpaine (209) Folio 6 Book 6 Page 7
South Coombe, Cheriton Fitzpaine.
|Name||Age||Occupation||Born in County|
|John Squire||30||Agricultural Labourer||Yes|
|Joseph Madge||26||Male Servant||Yes|
|William Tucker||14||Male Servant||Yes|
|James Elsworthy||14||Male Servant||Yes|
|James Greenslade||10||Male Servant||Yes|
On 26th September 1842, in the parish church of Cheriton Fitzpaine, a small village North East of Crediton, Joseph Madge, the next generation in our family tree, married Ann Wotton. The marriage certificate identified Joseph as of full age, a bachelor, a labourer, resident in Cheriton Fitzpaine, and the son of William Madge, a labourer. Anne was recorded as of full age, a spinster, also resident in Cheriton Fitzpaine, and the daughter of Isaac Wotton, a labourer. Both Joseph and Ann signed the wedding certificate with their respective “marks”. I believe Anne was baptised on 5th July 1819 in Poughill, Devon, recorded as the daughter of Isaac and Ann Wotton. However I believe that she was actually the daughter of Isaac Wotton, a labourer, and Jane Wotton, maiden name was Haydon. Isaac Wotton and jane Haydon were married on 26th February 1819 in St. Sidwell parish, Exeter. At the time of the 1841 census Ann had been working at High Waterhouse farm just up the road from where Joseph was recorded at North Coombe. (For further details of Anne Wotton and her forebears - see Appendix B.)
Joseph Madge and Anne Wotton seem to have settled in the village of Cheriton Fitzpaine, as it is there that we find them for the census of 31st March 1851, with their children, John, baptised 4th June 1843, Reuben, baptised 18th July 1847, and Daniel, the next generation in our family tree, born 15th June 1850, baptised 4th August 1850, all born/baptised in Cheriton Fitzpaine.
1851 Census (31st March) Cheriton Fitzpaine HO107/1887 Folio 442 Page 8
Cheriton Fitzpaine Village.
|Joseph Madge||Head||33||Agricultural Labourer||Crediton, Devon|
|Ann Madge||Wife||31||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|John Madge||Son||7||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|Reuben Madge||Son||3||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|Daniel Madge||Son||9months||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
Also at the time of the census of 31st March 1851, Frances, Joseph’s mother, and her remaining family had moved into Crediton village itself, with Frances, a widow, now employed as a "serge weaver". Her two eldest remaining children, George and Mary were involved in the shoe trade, (cordwainer is an old terminology for shoemaker), and the youngest, Harriet, was a servant.
1851 Census (31st March) Crediton HO107/1887 Folio 44 Book 2 Page 10
46 High Street, Crediton Village.
|Fanny Madge||Head (Widow)||63||Serge Weaver||Crediton, Devon|
|George Madge||Son||22||Cordwainer||Crediton, Devon|
|Mary Madge||Daughter||19||Boot Binder||Crediton, Devon|
|Harriet Madge||Daughter||14||Servant||Crediton, Devon|
A year after this census, Joseph and Ann had their fourth son, Isaac, born in Cheriton Fitzpaine. He was baptised on 18th April 1852.
On 20th November 1854 at the Exeter General Sessions Joseph Madge was sentenced to 4 months in jail for larceny. It would seem from an article in the Western Times of Saturday 25 November 1854 he was accused of "stealing a quantity of bark and mangel from his master Mr. Pridnam". (I suspect the value of the bark lay in its use in the leather tanning process. Crediton - shoes etc?). The North Devon Journal of 7 December 1854 reported that Joseph was sentenced to 3 months.
Western Times - Saturday 25 November 1854
The North Devon Journal - 7 December 1854
In 1857 Joseph and Ann had a fifth son, William, born in Cheriton Fitzpaine. He was baptised on 31st May 1857.
On 23rd February 1858 Joseph was once again in trouble for larceny, this time for "stealing hay from the Rev. W. H. Arundell of Cheriton Fitzpaine" on the 19th February. The case was reported in Trewman's Exeter Flying Post on 4 March 1858, and as a repeat offender the courts were not so lenient and Joseph was sentenced to 4 years penal servitude. After a just over a month in Exeter jail Joseph was sent to Millbank Prison in separate confinement where he spent 7 months and 17 days before being sent to Portsea, a "working prison". His prison record describes Joseph as being of a “proportionate build, with a fresh complexion, brown hair, grey eyes, and 5 feet three inches tall. (For Joseph Madge’s prison records - See Appendix G.)
Trewman's Exeter Flying Post - 4 March 1858
It is at Portsea that we find Joseph Madge recorded for the 1861 census.
1861 Census (8th April) Portsea Island, Portsea Island RG9/637 Folio 130 Book "Convict Establishment" Page 6.
Convict Establishment, Portsea Island, Portsea Town, Hampshire.
|W. Hosegood||Convict in Custody||21||Labourer||Bristol, Gloucstershire|
|J. Madge||Convict in Custody||42||Labourer||Crediton, Devon|
|J. McKenzie||Convict in Custody||33||Labourer||Inverness, N.B. Scotland|
For the same census Joseph's wife, Ann Madge, was still living in the village of Cheriton Fitzpaine with her youngest son, William Madge, who had been baptised there on 31st May 1857. Obviously with her husband in jail times must have been hard. This would explain the lodger and the fact that her two elder sons are in other households and the two younger sons were in the workhouse.
1861 Census (8th April) Cheriton Fitzpaine RG9/1474 Folio 31 Book 3 Page 18
Cheriton Fitzpaine Village.
|Ann Madge||Head (Married)||40||Agricultural labourer’s wife||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|William Madge||Son||3||Scholar||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
Her son, John Madge, aged 18, a "tanner's carter", was recorded at Upham Buildings in Cheriton Fitzpaine in the household of John Wotton, also a "tanner's carter"and his wife Sally (nee Mare). This John Wotton was the brother of Anne Madge, nee Wotton, and thereore John's uncle, despite John being recorded as a "Boarder".
1861 Census (8th April) Cheriton Fitzpaine RG9/1474 Folio 54 Book 6 Page 3
3 Upham Buildings, Cheriton Fitzpaine Village.
|John Wotton||Head (married)||39||Tanner’s Carter||Poughill, Devon|
|Sally Wotton||Wife||37||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|Harriet Wotton||Daughter||12||Scholar||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|Edward Wotton||Son||11||Scholar||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|Henry Wotton||Son||8||Scholar||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|Bessy Wotton||Daughter||5||Scholar||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|John Wotton||Son||3||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|William Wotton||Son||1||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|John Madge||Boarder||18||Tanner’s Carter||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|Henry Wills||Boarder||21||Carter||Silverton, Devon|
|John Yeo||Boarder||18||Carter||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
Reuben Madge, aged 12, was recorded working as a farm servant at Pitten Farm, Cheriton Bishop, for a George Snell.
1861 Census (8th April) Cheriton Bishop RG9/1471 Folio 66 Book 7 Page 2
Pitten Farm, Cheriton Bishop Village.
|George Snell||Head||50||Lafford, Devon|
|Jane Snell||Sister||39||Cheriton Bishop|
|Reuben Madge||Servant||12||Farm Servant||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
Daniel Madge and his younger brother, Isaac Madge, were recorded in the Union Workhouse in Crediton.
1861 Census (8th April) Crediton RG9/1473 Folio 20 Book 3 Page 6
Crediton Union Workhouse.
|William C. Leach||Head||58||Master opf the Workhouse||Morchard Bishop, Devon|
|Grace Leach||Wife||60||Matron||Washford Pyne, Devon|
|Elizabeth Leach||Daughter||31||Schoolmistress||Witheridge, Devon|
|Sophia Leach||Daughter||21||Assistant Matron||Crediton, Devon|
|John C. Leach||Son||19||Medical Student||Crediton, Devon|
|William Mules||Porter||36||Porter / Shoemaker||George Nympton, Devon|
|Joseph Channon||Schoolmaster||24||Tailor||Ottery St Mary, Devon|
|Daniel Madge||Inmate||10||Scholar||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
|Isaac Madge||Inmate||8||Scholar||Cheriton Fitzpaine, Devon|
For the same census Joseph Madge’s mother, Frances Madge, nee Dart, was still living in Crediton at 167 Kiddicot with her youngest daughter, Harriet.
1861 Census (8th April) Crediton RG9/1472 Folio 18 Book 1 Page 30
167 Kiddicot, Crediton Village.
|Fanny Madge||Head (Widow)||70||Crediton, Devon|
|Harriet Madge||Daughter||22||Servant||Crediton, Devon|
A month after this census Joseph Madge was released from Portsea Jail, having been in jail for 3 years and 3 months. The prison register records his discharge as “under licence” and his behaviour during his incarceration as “good”, so I assume he was out on “parole”. At least he would have got home to see his mother Frances Madge, nee Dart, before her death, aged 72 in the March of 1862. Frances was buried on 9th of that month in Crediton Parish. (For details of possible parents of Frances Dart - see Appendix A.) Five months later, on 17th July 1862, Joseph and Ann had their final child, a further son, Hermon, born in Cheriton Fitzpaine (For further details of the children of Joseph Madge and Ann Wotton - See Appendix D.)The Taunton Courier of Wednesday 1st November 1865 carried a news item which was almost certainly about "our" Joseph Madge, his wife Ann and a somewhat bizarre marital epsiode in their lives together. Ann's age is as near as makes no difference correct, (she was actually 46), she and Joseph had had six children and she was resident in Cheriton Fitzpaine at least for the 1861 census. The fact that Joseph describes himself as a Fishmonger and Marine Store dealer is somewhat surprising but the title may have been slightly more impressive than the reality. The story itself is so strange that I will forebear any comment!! However I can supply details as to Robert Stone, Ann's "young recruit"!
The Taunton Courier - Wednesday 1st November 1865
The article does include one additional bit of information i.e. that Ann was "the mother of six children, one of whom is in the 6th Dragoon Guards. This Dragoon was John Madge, Joseph and Ann's eldest son who would appear to have joined the 6th Dragoons circa 1862. (For further details of John Madge - Click here.)
The year after this episode it would seem that Joseph Madge was once again in trouble with the law. It would appear that he had been caught stealing two bundles of straw the property of a Mr. Knapman and was due to appear in court on Thursday 26 October. From the article from the Western Times the following day it looks as if he had a "partner in crime" Samuel Wootton. Certainly there was a Samuel Wootton charged with what seems to be the same offence and this individual received "one months imprisoment wth hard labour". Joseph however "did not appear and a warrant was issued for his apprehension". I suspect although the crime itself was not deemed too serious, the fact that Joseph had at least two previous conviction meant that this time round he was in serious trouble as the justice system worked on a basis of ever increasing punishmnts. (First offence he got four months - second offence he got 4 years - this time ???, remembering that they were still sending convicts to Australia!!. Hence he had "done a runner"!!
The Western Times - Friday 26 October 1866
The next record we have of Joseph Madge’s family is in Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales, in the census of 3rd April 1871, but with the family having adopted the surname Dart, and the father Joseph now using the forename John. Dart was the maiden name of Joseph Madge’s mother, Frances. It would certainly look like Joseph (and presumably his family) had left Crediton and Devon to avoid Joseph being tried and presumably convicted for the straw stealing reported in the Western Times of Friday 26 October 1866. Certainly one would imagine that along with his name change, it would be much easier to disappear in somewhere like Newport, rather than in Crediton or even Exeter. Added to this there was work to be had in Newport with its expanding industrial economy, as opposed to rural Devon where the economy was depressed. As to John M. Dart being one and the same as Joseph Madge I am as certain as I can be that this is the case. (For a summary of the evidence that Joseph Madge was the same individual as John Madge Dart and latterly Joseph Madge Dart - Click here.
1871 Census (3rd April) Newport RG10/5347 Folio 115 Book 24 Page 49
9 New Street, Newport.
|John M. Dart||Head||54||Labourer||Coleford, Devon|
|Ann Dart||Wife||49||Poufill, Devon|
|Reuben Dart||Son||23||Lime Burner||Cheriton, Devon|
|Isaac Dart||Son||19||Labourer||Cheriton, Devon|
|William Dart||Son||13||Labourer||Cheriton, Devon|
|Hermon Dart||Son||9||Scholar||Cheriton, Devon|
It would seem that the family had arrived in Newport at least by 1869 as there is an article in the The Mounmothshire Merlin of 30 January 1869 which refers to a John Dart of New Street, and some affair concering a watch. As "our" John Dart, aka, Joseph Madge was recorded as resident in New Street, for the 1871 census this article would almost certainly refer to him. If any one can clarify what was going on I would be grateful, although I suspect an element of skulduggery on John Dart's part!.
The Mounmothshire Merlin - 30 January 1869
Daniel Madge Dart, the next generation in our family tree, although no longer living with his parents, was in fact living in the same street, just a few doors down the road at number 17 New Street.
1871 Census (3rd April) Newport RG10/5347 Folio 117 Book 24 Page 53
17 New Street, Newport.
|Daniel M. Dart||Lodger||<20||Tailor||Creton, Devon|
Almost a year after the census of 1871, on 29th May 1872, Daniel Madge Dart, (the next step in our family history), married Myra Sibley. The marriage certificate identified her as Myra Sibley, a seventeen year old spinster, the daughter of Samuel Sibley, a sawyer, deceased, resident of Chepstow Road, Newport. Daniel was recorded as being a 21 year old bachelor, a Tailor, the son of John Madge Dart, a Foundry labourer, resident at New Street, Newport. Myra's age was given incorrectly as her birth was actually recorded in the BMD index for the April-June quarter of 1857, in Newport, Monmouthshire so in reality she would have been a month or so either side of 15.(For further details of Myra Sibley, her family and other lines of descent - See Appendix E.)
In the intervening years back across the Bristol Channel, there are a further four articles refering to John Dart aka Joseph Madge. The first was a report in the South Wales Daily News of Tuesday 25 March 1873 - "COAL STEALING.—John Dart was charged with stealing coal, the property of Messrs. W. S. Cartwright and Co. P.C. Smith caught prisoner taking coal off a truck marked No. 29. Prisoner pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to hard labour for two months."
The next two refered to the same incident in the June-July of 1873 i.e. his arrest and subsequent trial and sentencing for stealing milk or "Felonious Milking a Cow". These give his age as 60, and describe him as an "old offender". It is it would appear the adjective "old" used to describe him referd to both his age and his previous conviction in the March for coal stealing! Intestingly a Copy of the Distributed National Alphabetical Register of Habitual Criminals from Stafford Gaol, Staffordshire contains a reference and description of John Dart, following his release from Usk prison on 1 October 1873. In this he was decribed as aged 60, 5 feet two and a half inches, with dark brown hair, brown eyse, a fresh complexion. He was identified as a labourer, having served 3 months for simple larceny, with his intended residence on release being New Street, Pill, Monmouthshire. Under "Marks and Remarks" was the fact that he had was "Ruptured, Mole left eyelid. Two previous convictions for larceny." This closely matches the description given at the time of his conviction as Joseph Madge back in Devon, with the exception of the colour of eyes which were give as grey previously. As it quotes ":Two previous convictions for larceny.", it would appear there was a further conviction before the coal stealing of Match 1873.
The South Wales Daily News - 2 June 1873
The South Wales Daily News - 3 July 1873
John Dart - Distributed National Alphabetical Register of Habitual Criminals
The fourth is from The Monmouthshire Merlin of 12 November 1875 and refers to his trial for yet again for stealing coal and described him as an "elderly man".
The Monmouthshire Merlin - 12 November 1875
It would seem not unlikely that the sentence for the latter of these crimes of six weeks hard labour in the November-December of 1875 may well have been instrumental in the death of Joseph Madge, aka John Dart as there is a record of his demise seven weeks into the following year on the 18th February 1876. For this final event he was recorded as Joseph Madge Dart, aged 53, (actually 59), and the death occurred at 8 New Street, Newport, Monmouthshire, with the cause being "Bronchitis and debility".
It looks like a year after the death of his father his youngest son Herman was also in trouble for "coal stealing" as reported in the Western Mail of 29 March 1877. The article describes him incorrectly as motherless as Ann his mother was still alive, although his father was certainly deceased. As there was only one Herman Dart recorded in the 1871 & 1881 censuses for Newport and as the age is also correct so I have little doubt this was "our" Herman.
Western Mail - 29 March 1877
The next record we have of Joseph Madge's son, Daniel Madge Dart, is on the birth certificate of Daniel's son, my grandfather and the next generation of our family history, Herbert Dart. Herbert was recorded as born at 28 Palmer Street, Weston-super-Mare on 2nd July 1877, with his mother identified as a Maria Dyer. (This is confirmed by Herbert Dart's later military records (of circa 1896) i.e. "Mother - Maria"). It would appear Daniel's marriage to Myra Sibley back in Newport in 1872 had not lasted and Daniel had left his wife and "run off" with a Maria Dyer, the daughter of Samuel Dyer, a carpenter, and Sarah Buller, born in Wellington on 30th March 1846. (SEE ONLINE DYER FAMILY HISTORY). Maria and her family had been living in Newport a couple of miles from Daniel Dart's lodgings at the time of the 1871 census. I assume that Daniel and Myra never actually divorced which would explain why Daniel and Maria never actually wed.
Three years later back in Weston-super-Mare, Daniel Madge Dart and Maria Dyer had a second child, a daughter Ella, born Between October and December 1879, and just under two years later, on 4th April 1881, they and their two children were recorded living at 2 Hill Road, Weston-super-Mare, for the census of that year.
1881 Census (4th April) Christchurch B RG11/2421 Folio 121 Book 14 Page 92
2 Hill Road, Weston-super-Mare.
|Daniel Dart||Head||42||Tailor||Wellington, Somerset|
|Maria Dart||Wife||38||Wellington, Somerset|
|Herbert Dart||Son||8||Scholar||Weston-s-Mare, Somerset|
|Ella F. Dart||Daughter||6||Scholar||Weston-s-Mare, Somerset|
That this is the family there is no doubt, however Herbert would have been aged 3, NOT 8, and Ella 1, NOT 6. Daniel Madge Dart would have been aged 30 NOT 42, and Maria Dyer would have been aged 35, NOT 38. Why there should be all this confusion about their ages is a mystery!?
Back in Newport at the time of this census there is a record of what seems to be Ann Madge Dart, living with her son, Hermon Dart, at 22 Baldwin Street, St. Woollos, Newport, although she is recorded with the christian name Elizabeth.
1881 Census (4th April) Newport RG11/5264 Folio 39 Book 39 Page 12
22 Baldwin Street, St. Woollos, Newport.
|Elizabeth Dart||Mother||63||Chertonpine, Devon|
|Hermon Dart||Son||19||Dock Labourer||Chertonpine, Devon|
Anne Madge Dart died 4th April 1883, with the death recorded at 22 Baldwin Street, Newport, which would appear to confirm that it was her that was incorrectly listed as Elizabeth Dart at the same address for the 1881 census. Her death certificate records her age as 63, and that she was the widow of John Dart, Wharf Labourer. The certificate carries the mark of "Emma Miles" as informant.
Back in Weston-super-Mare in the next five and a half years following the census, Daniel and Maria had two further children, Ann, born between January and March 1882, and Emily born between July and September 1886, both born in Weston-super-Mare. Sadly, on 1st November 1886, just after the birth of Emily, her father, Daniel Madge Dart, died. The death occurred at 29 Palmer Street, Weston-super-Mare, with the death certificate recording Daniel's age as 32, (actually aged 36) and his occupation as "Insurance Agent".
For the census of April 1891, the family had moved to 22 New Street, Weston-super-Mare, and Maria is recorded as a charwoman, although the reference to "parish pay" suggests she is in receipt of some form of poor relief. As a widow with four children, times must have been hard. The three younger children, Ella Francis, Annie, and Emmily are at school, but her eldest, Herbert, now aged 13, is at least supplementing the family income, working as an errand boy. (Possibly with Mr. Harse the butcher, to whom he was later apprenticed?). This census also gives the correct ages for Ella and Herbert.
1891 Census (6th April) Emmanuel RG12/1920 Folio 74 Book 12 Page 33
22 New Street, Weston-super-Mare.
|Maria Dart||Head||46||Charwoman, Parish pay||Wellington, Somerset|
|Herbert Dart||Son||13||Errand boy||Weston-s-Mare, Somerset|
|Ella Francis Dart||Daughter||11||Scholar||Weston-s-Mare, Somerset|
|Annie Dart||Daughter||9||Scholar||Weston-s-Mare, Somerset|
|Emmily Dart||Daughter||4||Scholar||Weston-s-Mare, Somerset|
On 6th November 1896, after an apprenticeship as a butcher with a Mr. Harse, Herbert Dart joined the Coldstream Guards, and on 9th March 1899 he set sail with his regiment for South Africa and the Boer War. After a sojourn of seven months in Gibraltar the regiment arrived in South Africa on 28 October 1899, where he saw active service with his regiment at Belmont, the Modder River, Dreifontein, Johannesburg, Diamond Hill and Belfast, sometimes as "mounted infantry" as portrayed in the right-hand photograph below. During the Boer War one company from each Guards Regiment formed a mounted patrol, which was necessary to cover the large distances involved. The bandolier for rifle ammunition was a cavalry item adopted by such patrols. These were not actually cavalry as they had no intention to fight on the horse but simply used the horse for transport. They were nicknamed the Aldershot Mounted Foot. (My thanks to the Guards Museum for this detail.)
Herbert Dart - Coldstream Cadet
Herbert Dart's Boer War Decorations
Herbert Dart somewhere on
Meanwhile back in the UK for the census of 1901, Herbert's mother Maria was still living living in Weston-super-Mare working a a charwoman. It would seem that only her youngest daughter Emmily was still living with her.
1901 Census (2nd April) Weston-super-Mare RG13/2325 Folio 80 Book 17 Page 27
33 Alma Street, Weston-super-Mare.
|Maria Dart||Head||56||Charwoman||Wellington, Somerset|
|Emmily Dart||Daughter||14||General Servant Domestic||Weston-s-Mare, Somerset|
Herbert Dart returned to England with the regiment on 20th July 1902, and five months later, on 16th December 1902, he was demobbed from active service and embarked on a career as a nurse. The receipt for his South Africa medals dated 31 January 1903 gives his address as Portland Villa, Saltash, Cornwall. This was probably a Lodging Hose as for the 1901 census the head of the household was recorded as "Ann Phillips Gill,Head,S,,43,Lodging House Keeper"
Cerificate of Proficiency in
Mental Nursing 1909
awarded to Herbert Dart
to the Proficiency Medal
from Cardiff Mental Hospital
(below) also awarded 1909
In 1908 Herbert joined the staff of newly built Cardiff City Mental Hospital as a "Night attendant". He actual joined on 8 April 1908 (1 week before the official opening, on a salary of £39 per year plus £39 board, lodging, washing and uniform. He had previously worked in West Sussex County Asylum, Chichester between 14 July 1904 and 31 March 1908. The Cardiff City Mental Hospital was formally opened on 15 April 1908 and was a purpose built unit. It was far in advance of most other facilities for those with mental problems and was intended to provide accommodation for 750 in-patients, 414 women and 336 men. It had been built on the assumption that the wards would be locked, as up until then the function of mental hospitals had been chiefly of a custodial nature. However due to the forward thinking that went with the new building inmates were allowed to go more or less where they wanted to and the hospital was one of the first to recognise that mental illness in a lot of cases was a curable disorder rather than a permanent one. The weekly cost for an in-patient at that time was 13s 5d (67p). The nursing staff in 1908 consisted of a head male attendant, matron, their two deputies, a night inspector (male) and a night sister. There were 48 male attendants and 38 nurses on the day shift and four male attendants and five nurses at night. It would seem that as part of this forward thinking regime the staff were given training and encouragement, as in my possession I have a "Cerificate of Proficiency in Mental Nursing" awarded to Herbert, dated 5 July 1909, and signed by the examining Superintendent Dr E Goodall who was the medical Superintendent from 1906 until the late 1920's. I also a have a rather splendid silver "Proficiency Medal" from Cardiff Mental Hospital presumably awarded to Herbert at the same time as the certificate.
It would also seem that sporting activities for the staff were also encouraged as the Cardiff Evening Express of 23 April carried a photograph of the "Cardiff City Mental Hospital Hockey Team". This includes my grandfather H. Dart as Captain standing at tn the back row and L. Mathieson (Lizzie) bottom row second from the end. It transpires they had "Played 7, Won 5 and Lost 2". Currently this is all the information I have found regards this team. I wonder who they played and as a hockey team is consists of 11 played and there are only 9 women one assumes they payed as mixed gender! This seems quite remarkable? Should anyone come accross any further information, please get in touch using the contact link at the top of the page. (I believe the hospital also fielded a cricket team, a footbal team, and of course a rugby team!)
Cardiff City Mental Hospital Hockey Team
Herbert resigned from Cardiff City Mental Hospital on 6 September 1910 and the next record we have of him is working as the "Head Lunatic Attendant" at Stapleton Workhouse, Fishponds, Bristol. It is not impossible that included on the same census page is the reason he left Cardiff, the young women from the Hockey team photograph - Lissie (Elizabeth) Mathieson. She had started in the employ of the Cardiff City Mental Hospital on 7 April 1908 almost the same day as Herbert as a Sister, but had been dismissed on 14 April 1910. (This would suggest that the Hockey Team photo was taken at least a couple of weeks prior to its publication?). The reason for her dismissal is unknown but it is possible that this could have been as a result of a relationship having formed between Herbert and her. As relationships and even marriage between staff were not permitted this would have lead to dismissal.
1911 Census (1st April) Fishponds, Bristol RG14 Book 20 Page 1
Stapleton Workhouse, Fishponds, Bristol
|Wilfred Daking||Head||33||Master Of Workhouse||Boxford, Suffolk|
|Ethel Daking||Wife||38||Matron Of Workhouse||Stainford, Lincolnshire|
|Cecil Daking||Son||6||Shifnal, Salop|
|Emmeline Daking||Daughter||5||Litchfield, Staffordshire|
|Edgar Davies||Servant||34||Assistant Master Of Workhouse||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|Maria Hodgkins||Servant||36||Assistant Matron Of Workhouse||Brown Hills, Staffordshire|
|James Nettle||Servant||50||Sick Ward Attendant||Lulworth, Dorset|
|Herbert Dart||Servant||32||Head Lunatic Attendant||Weston Super Mare, Somerset|
|Alfred Shattock||Servant||47||Lunatic Attendant||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|Ernest Richards||Servant||35||Lunatic Attendant||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|William Shiner||Servant||32||Lunatic Attendant||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|Margaret Nixson||Servant||48||Workhouse Cook||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|Rosa Williams||Servant||39||Labour Mistress||Llandavenny, Monmouthshire|
|Elizabeth Leahy||Servant||35||Sick Ward Attendant||Abergavenny, Monmouthshire|
|Annie Coleridge||Servant||45||Sick Ward Attendant||Teignmouth, Devon|
|Florence Flook||Servant||31||Head Lunatic Attendant||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|Ellen James||Servant||38||Lunatic Attendant||Washford, Somerset|
|Alice Griffin||Servant||29||Lunatic Attendant||Bristol, Gloucestershire|
|Elizabeth Mathieson||Servant||25||Lunatic Attendant||Hawick, Roxburghshire|
|Ethel Hippisley||Servant||23||Lunatic Attendant||Cleveden, Somerset|
During this period Herbert's mother, Maria appears to have remained in Weston super Mare. For the census of 1911 Maria, now aged 66, was still working as a charwoman, living at 9 Sidmouth Cottages, Weston-super-Mare. Her daughter Emily is still with her. The census records that she has had 4 children, one of whom has died. This refers to her daughter Ella who died on 23 February 1903 aged 23 after suffering severe burns when she accidentally set light to her cotton nightdress. (For further details of the children of Daniel Dart and Maria Dyer - See Appendix F.) Interestingly she records that she would have been married for 35 years which gives date of 1876 which would seem to be accurate for Daniel and her "getting together", but no record of a marriage has been found. Also she omits a fifth child Maud born a "natural child" on 8th October 1869 in back in Jones Street, Newport.
1911 Census (2 April) Weston-super-Mare
9 Sidmouth Cottages, Weston-super-Mare.
|Maria Dart||Head||66||Charwoman||Wellington, Somerset|
|Emmily Dart||Daughter||24||General Servant Domestic||Weston-s-Mare, Somerset|
Whatever the circumstance that had re-united Herbert and Elizabeth at the Stapleton Workhouse, six months after the census on 11th August 1911, Herbert Dart, a nurse, married Elizabeth Young Rutherford Mathieson, also a nurse, the eldest daughter of James Mathieson and Rachel Grieve, (SEE ONLINE MATHIESON & GRIEVE FAMILY HISTORIES). The marriage took place at Christ Church Stapleton, Fishponds, Bristol. The witnesses were Mr. William & Mrs. Emma Creagh, (also attendants in the Fishponds Institution in 1911), and Alexander Mathieson, the bride's younger brother. I was told by Elizabeth's sister Barbara many years later that she understood that Herbert Dart first met Elizabeth on a railway platform and it was "love at first sight", although she also believed that the size of Elizabeth's chest may have formed a large part of that initial attraction!! (I suspect this may have been Cardiff railway station back in April 1908)
Not long after their marriage Herbert and Elizabeth would seem to have moved to work in District Union Workhouse at 88 Hallam Street, West Bromwich. There is a registration of the birth of a birth of Rachel M. Mathieson Dart in the July- September quarter of 1913 in West Bromwich (Ref: Vol 6b Page 1802). The baby was born on 26 August at but sadly the baby Rachel passed away 4 days later on 29 August 1913 at 88 Hallam Street, West Bromwich. Her father was recorded as "Herbert Dart - Imbecile Attendant" and the informant it was "Herbert Dart - Father - present at the death - 88 Hallam Street, West Bromwich.". (Registered in the same quarter for West Bromwich - Ref: Vol 6b Page 951). The cause of death was "Congenital malformation of Intestine"
I suspect that it was at the time of the move to West Bromwich that Herbert took and passed an examination in the "Workhouse Master's Books and Accounts" this "being Part 1 of the Examination in the duties of a Workhouse master". Whether he ever took and passed the remaining elements is unknown.
I suspect 1914 must have started on a optimistic note as it would seem that Elizabeth had fallen pregnant again. Sadly things were to go horribly wrong both on a national and personal level. In the July of that year Europe entered into a huge and senseless conflict the scale and intensity of which were unprecedented. About 70 million soldiers took part in the fighting, and the war claimed over 40 million casualties, including approximately 20 million civilian and military dead! Herbert re-enlisted in the Coldstreams on 2nd September (knocking a year of his age in the process!) to play his part, and on 7th October 1914 went to join the 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards and the British Expeditionary Force in France.
At the same time as Herbert was going of to war, at home Elizabeth was pregnant and on 21st November gave birth to a baby boy Herbert Mathieson Dart whose birth wass registered in West Bromwich (Ref: Vol 6b Page 1637) in the October-December quarter of 1914. Sadly history seems to have repeated itself with baby Herbert passing away only two day later on 23 November. Baby Herbert's death was registered on 25 November by his mother E. Dart - Mother - present at the death - 88 Hallam Street, West Bromwich" and the father was recorded as "Herbert Dart - Private Coldstream Guards (Imbecile Attendant)". The cause of death was "imperforate stricture of the great intestine" (Registered in the same quarter for West Bromwich (Ref: Vol 6b Page 923)
On 26 November 1914 three days after the death of the infant Herbert and the day after Elizabeth had registered the baby's death, her husband Herbert was "back in blighty" having received a gun shot wound to the head. Going through the 1st Battalion's Coldstream Guards War Diary and taking into consideration the fact that Herbert's service record lists him as "Overseas" from 7th October, I suspect he may have been in the draft of 3 officers and 142 other ranks who were recorded as joining the Battalion on 18th October at Hazebrouk, Belgium. There were two major engagements thereafter involving the battalion where it would seem possible that he was wounded. (It is also possible it was a stray shot\sniper at any time during his time at the front). The first of these was the battle of Langemark on 22nd and 23rd October where the 1st Coldstream Guards suffered 1 officer and 30 other ranks killed, 1 officer and 92 other ranks wounded , 73 other ranks missing. The second of these was the subsequent battle of Gheluvelt where what was left of the battalion, quoted by one source as having been reduced "to a very weak unit of about 300 men" suffered further heavy losses. Although he entry for the War Diary for that day records only the officer casualties i.e. 3 killed, 2 missing and 10 wounded, the War Diary for the following day, 30th October, recorded their fighting strength as 80 men commanded by a Lieutenant and a Quartermaster. If the description quoted of "a very weak unit of about 300 men" at the start of the engagement is correct this would suggest about 200 other ranks killed, wounded or missing. In fact it would appear that the 1st Battalion Colstream Guards had almost been wiped out and one wonders how many of the men who arrived with the draft of 18 October had lost their lives within a fortnight! The scale of the losses is highlighted by the fact that of the 3 officers who had joined the Battalion with the draft of 7 October all 3 had lost their lives. Of a further 3 officers who joined on 27 October, 1 was killed and 1 was taken prisoner.
11 months later, on 1st October 1915, Herbert was invalided out of the Army as a consequence of his injury. It is sobering to reflect that had the German bullet that hit my grandfather been an inch or two more accurate, I would not be writing this today. He was awarded an "Honourable Discharge Certificate" and a "Silver Badge" which was given to all of those military personnel who were discharged as a result of sickness or wounds contracted or received during the war, either at home or overseas. The badge was to be worn when they walked around at back in the U.K. to ensure passers by realised they had done their bit and were not shirking. After the cessation of hostilities Herbert was awarded the 1914 Star, the Victory Medal and the British War Medal, also known as Pip, Squeak and Wilfred.
Herbert Darts and his WW1 Medals "Pip, Squeak and Wilfred"ie. 1914 Star, Victory Medal and British War Medal.
Also his The Silver War Badge and his "Old Coldstreamers Association" lapel badge which he wore on his lapel at all times.
Herbert Dart - "Honourable Discharge" on 1 October 1915 - having Served with Honour.
On 14th March 1917, Maria Dart, Herbert's mother, died, aged 70, whilst resident at 9 Sidmouth Cottages, Weston-super-Mare. She was buried alongside her husband Daniel Madge Dart in Weston-super-Mare graveyard, (plots 737 & 2436 respectively). There have been further burials in those plots, and the headstones on the plots refer to the later burials. It is likely that as a poor family, they never had proper headstones, more likely wooden grave markers, long since gone.
The birth, two months later, of their one and only child to survive infancy, Dorothy Phyllis, must have alleviated some of the sadness felt by Herbert on the death of his mother. Their daughter, my mother, was born on 2nd May 1917, at the Workhouse\Infirmaty, 88 Hallam Street, West Bromwich, in the West Midlands, which was then a similar establishment to the Fishponds institution. At the time Herbert Dart was still working as a male nurse and I would imagine that Herbert and Elizabeth had taken up similar positions at the Hallam Street establishment when they moved to there in 1912, as to those they had at Bristol.
Herbert Dart with his wife Elizabeth Young Rutherford
Mathieson and their daughter Phyllis c 1918
Sometime in the 1920's Herbert and Elizabeth moved to Wordsley, near Stourbridge and were to become the Master and Matron of the children’s section of Sandfield House, Certified Institution and Infirmary, at Wordsley, near Stourbridge. It too was originally a Workhouse.
They had certainly moved by 1928 as the Dudley Chronicle of 29 November of that year carried a report that a troop of boy scouts was to be set up by the Reverend R.H.Fowler, and that he had "secured the services of Mr. Dart, who has undertaken to act as Scoutmaster. Mr Dart saw service in the guards in the retreat from Mons."
Dudley Chronicle - 29 November 1928
That this was Herbert is confirmed by a later report of thr troops appearance at the church parade at the Amblecote carnival in the July of 1930 where he was identified as "Scoutmaster H. Dart". The undertaking would seem to have been a success as there are a number of reports of their activities over the next few years, including a report in the Dudley Chronicle of 17 July 1930 of the provision by Major W. H. Harcourt Webb of "the exclusive use of a very suitable camping place at Kinver." I believe this site still exists today as a camping facility for the Scout\Guide movement. The last mention I have found of Herbert as the scoutmaster for the troop is in the Dudley Chronicle of 22 November 1934 - "A procession assembled at Harrison Road, Brettell Lane, and headed by the band of the 1st Wordsley Troop of Boy Scouts, in church of Scoutmaster Dart, marched to the church via Brettell.". I suspect Herbert continued in his role until he left the district circa 1937-38.
It is interesting to note that amongst my grandmother's qualifications was a certificate from the St John's Ambulance Brigade in "Air Raid Precautions and First Aid for Air Raid Casualties". What I find interesting is that it is dated 8th March 1937, showing that even two years before the outbreak of war with Germany, war and Air Raids were a perceived threat.
"Air Raid Precautions and First Aid for Air Raid Casualties"
8th March 1937
In 1937 was also the year that it would seem that Herbert and Elizabeth had lost their jobs (and their home?) due to the closure of the "Wordsley Instition for Mental Defectives" with the establishment to become a hospital. The couple were initially offered £100 each in compensation but Herbert felt this was insufficient and it would seem had gone to his MP. (It would seem that he also lost a pension that he had been paying into although the payments were refunded.) The Finance Committee had recommended that this should be increased to £260 each. Certain members of the council seemed to have objected to this, not on the basis that the couple were not worthy of the compensation but that they felt it was outside procedure and "strings had been pulled". I can not figure out from the article itself if the award was confirmed at £260 each of if they reverted to the original award. I have included the initial couple of paragraphs plus an extract from further on below. If you wish to read the full article click here.
The Staffordshire Advertiser - Saturday 30th July, 1938
Sometime after losing their jobs at Wordsley, Herbert and Elizabeth moved to Walsall where they were recorded in the 1939 register resident at 4 Harden Road, Walsall. The premises was listed as a "shop" and Herbert was identified as a "Retailer of Wines" with a date of birth of 2 July 1877. Elizabeth was identified as a "Nurse R.M.P." with a date of birth of 11 May 1886, and also included is their daughter Phyllis, my mother, identified as a "Nurse S.R.N." with a date of birth of 2 May 1917. It is not surprising, considering her parents careers, that my mother chose a career in nursing. Her initial training started on 25 February 1935 a couple of months before her 18th birthday at Stourbridge General Hospital. In the May on 1938 her training was completed and she became a State Registered Nurse No. 94143. (For further details of Phylis Dart's Nursing career, including her service in WW2 - Click Here)
By 1940 within two months of its inception Herbert Dart had joined the L.D.V. more commonly known as the Home Guard. I have little doubt that he would have entered into this role with entusiasm taking into account his previous military experience. I have also little doubt that some at least of this particular part of hs life may have been not too different to that portayed in the BBC TV series "Dads Army". Certainly the reason we know of his involvement in the Home Guard is due to his involvement in an incidence, reported in the Walsall and South Staffordshire Chronicle of Saturday 27th July, 1940, where he seems to have been mistaken for a German Paratrooper by a drunk which resulted in an altercation and the arrest of the drunk! I guess as a result one could claim he fought in the Boer War, the First World War AND the Second World War!! The initial couple of paragraphs are included below. For the full story click here.
Walsall and South Staffordshire Chronicle
Saturday 27th July, 1940
Herbert and Elizabeth were still resident in Walsall at the time of marriage of their daughter Dorothy Phyllis Dart to my father J.M.G. Hendry on 18 July 1945 as her address is given as 27 Harden Road, Leamore, Walsall. (For further details of J M Gordon Hendry and Phyllis Dart - Click Here)After the move to Walsall, Elizabeth would seem to have continued nursing as I have a letter from the General Nursing Council dated October 1948 confirming her registration as a State Registered Mental Nurse, along with her SRN certificate dated 29 Novembeber 1948, and her SRN badge dated 22 October 1948. I also have a receipt for 10 shillings and sixpence paid by her on 3 September 1950 "for the retention of her name on the mental part of the Register of Nurses, by which time she would have been nursing for 45 years.
E.Y.R. Dart's State Registered Mental Nurse Certificate and badge
Both Herbert and Elizabeth came to live with us in Glasgow in the late 1950's but moved out to live on their own at 6 Caird Drive, off Byres Road in Glasgow after the death of their daughter, my mother in October 1960.
Herbert Dart on horseback circa 1959
when he wouldhave been in his early 80's
Probably at Limekilns Riding School, near East Kilbride
Elizabeth Dart, nee Mathieson died on 9 October 1963 in Glasgow. Herbert lived on at 6 Caird Drive until the last year of his life when he went into the Erskine Hospital for soldiers in Erskine, Renfrewshire, where he died on 13 March 1969 in aged 91.